The Fermanian Business & Economic Institute is proud to be a part of Da Vinci Global (DVG). DVG is an international organization designed to be the world’s leading and trusted source for fact-based insights in the field of bioinspired innovation, business, and finance. 

The Da Vinci Index 2.0 is the updated version of the original Da Vinci Index, which was created by the Fermanian Business & Economic Institute and launched in 2011. This comprehensive database uses advanced methodology and information to measure activity in the field of bioinspiration in the U.S., monitoring four areas of data – number of scholarly articles, number of patents, number of grants, and dollar value of grants.  


“Leonardo forms the image of a plant in shapes that emphasize its pattern of growth, implying that the source of change is within matter and not transcendent of it. Leonardo expresses its [Nature's] cosmic operations through its particulars, deriving his understanding of
the larger movements from observation of the smaller....” 
-Mary D. Gerard 

Da Vinci Index


Through the first half of 2016, the DaVinci Global Index® flattened out just above 10,800.  The Index® continued to experience a decline from it’s peak above 12,000 in 2014, though the decline has slowed in  recent months. Although the fall in the DaVinci Global Index® could be short-lived, those working in the field should be concerned about the possible loss of momentum due to the recent decline.


Da Vinci Index 2.0 


Similar to the Global Index®, the DaVinci Index 2.0®  has seen a slight decline since 2014. Fluctuations in patent activity, scholarly journals, and grants since that time contribute to the decline that is seen in the field. In spite of that decline, we believe there is still great potential for this field to rebound in the latter half of 2016. 


Scholarly Article Comparison


Through the first half of 2016, Asia continued to expand as the leading source of scholarly articles.  As a result, both Europe and the U.S. retracted in their respective shares of contributions, while the Middle East has experienced significant growth since our 2013 data was published.

Can 3D Printing Unlock Bioinspiration's Full Potential? (2014)

This study provides the background of 3D printing, reveals the synergy between 3D printing and bioinspiration, and analyzes whether the potential of bioinspiration can be realized through the convergence of the 2 fields, a concept we define as bioinspired 3D printing. We explore the opportunities and impact this convergence could have one business, finance, and the overall economy. 

Bioinspiration: An Economic Progress Report (2014)

This study, officially, released in January of 2014, analyzes the progress and prospects for Bioinspiration, the field that takes concepts found in nature to solve human and business problems. With this report, FBEI updates its groundbreaking study of 2010 and furthers its position as the leader economic, business, and financial voice in this major potential source of innovation. 

You can view the Executive Summary and download a copy of the report here

Global Biomimicry Efforts: An Economic Game Changer (2010)

Dr. Lynn Reaser presented the findings of her study, The Economic Impact of Biomimicry: A regional, national and international perspective on Thursday, November 18, 2010 at the San Diego Zoo. You can view the Executive Summary and download a copy of the report here.


The E2 is an emerging program which combines environmental and economic interests and views them not as separate but as integrated and mutually supporting interests. It works to embody solutions inspired by nature to address business problems and provides a bridge between the environment and the economy by raising efficiency and lowering costs. The purpose of this model is to develop the capacity to simultaneously create financial, social, and ecological value. Read more about the E2 model.