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“Leonardo forms the image of a plant in shapes that emphasize its pattern of growth, implying that the source of change is within matter and not transcendent of it. Leonardo expresses its [Nature's] cosmic operations through its particulars, deriving his understanding of
the larger movements from observation of the smaller....”
-Mary D. Gerard 

The Da Vinci 2.0 is the 2014 version of the original Da Vinci Index, which was launched in 2011. This comprehensive database uses advanced methodology and information to measure activity in the field of Bioinspiration, Biomicry, and Biomimetics, which takes solutions found or inspired by nature to potential commercial application. 2.0 monitors four areas of data – number of scholarly articles, number of patents, number of grants, and dollar value of grants, and exists to increase awareness of how Bioinspiration serves as a bridge between environmental and business interests. 

Da Vinci Index 2.0 Hits Record High in 2013 

Although quarterly figures are subject to substantial volatility, the first 
quarter of 2014 is off to a slower start. 

Some of the highlights of recent movements in the Index include:

  •  After the record high Da Vinci Index 2.0 figure of 694.2 (2000=100) for the year of 2013, the first quarter of 2014 showed an index figure of 520.3.  Almost all contributing inputs to the Index showed a slight decrease for the first quarter, but the largest decrease by far involved the dollars spent on federal grants from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and National Science Foundation (NSF).
  • The Index is compiled based on the number of patents issued in the U.S., scholarly articles published globally, the number of grants issued by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the value of those grants for any given period.  
  • The fourth quarter of 2013 saw an unusually large spike in both patents and scholarly articles.  This was corrected in the first quarter of 2014 which is reflected in the fall in the aggregate current index figure.
  • Last year witnessed a significant rise in scholarly articles published.  Scholarly articles throughout the world expanded from 2,004 in 2012 to 2,560 in 2013, a jump of 28%.  This compared to the 303 articles published in 2000 shows an increase of over eight-fold.
  • Patent issuance was also high in the field last year with a gain of 27%.
  • Grants continue to face challenges as federal funding is under pressure with ongoing U.S. deficit issues.

The continued growth through 2013 for Da Vinci Index 2.0 underscores the potential for Bio-inspiration to provide businesses throughout the world more efficient and sustainable solutions to enable the achievement of both growth and environmental goals.  While the first quarter of 2014 is not off to a good start, the decrease may reflect a correction from the surge in the fourth quarter of 2013.

Nevertheless, as documented in the FBEI recent report, Bioinspiration:  An Economic Progress Report (FBEI, November 2013), progress in the field has faced some stumbling blocks.  This places even more importance on monitoring progress going forward in the potentially game-changing field of Bioinspiration.


Bioinspiration:An Economic Progress Report (2014)

This study, officially released in January of 2014, analyzes the progress and prospects for Bioinspiration, the field that takes concepts found in nature to solve human and business problems.  With this report, FBEI updates its groundbreaking study of 2010 and furthers its position as the leading economic, business, and financial voice in this major potential source of innovation. 

You can view the Executive Summary and download a copy of the report at

Global Biomimicry Efforts: An Economic Game Changer (2010)

Dr. Lynn Reaser presented the findings of her study, The Economic Impact of Biomimicry: A regional, national and international perspective on Thursday, November 18, 2010, at the San Diego Zoo.  You can view the Executive Summary and download a copy of the report at

The E2 is an emerging program which combines environmental and economic interests and views them not as separate but as integrated and mutually supporting interests. It works to embody solutions inspired by nature to address business problems and provides a bridge between the environment and the economy by raising efficiency and lowering costs. The purpose of this model is to develop the capacity to simultaneously create financial, social, and ecological value. To read more about this new model click here


For information on the E2 Logo and what it represents click here.