The Fermanian Business & Economic Institute is proud to be a part of Da Vinci Global (DVG). DVG is an international organization designed to be the world’s leading and trusted source for fact-based insights in the field of bioinspired innovation, business, and finance. 

The Da Vinci Index 2.0 is the updated version of the original Da Vinci Index, which was created by the Fermanian Business & Economic Institute and launched in 2011. This comprehensive database uses advanced methodology and information to measure activity in the field of bioinspiration in the U.S., monitoring four areas of data – number of scholarly articles, number of patents, number of grants, and dollar value of grants.  

DVG    DVG     DVG 

“Leonardo forms the image of a plant in shapes that emphasize its pattern of growth, implying that the source of change is within matter and not transcendent of it. Leonardo expresses its [Nature's] cosmic operations through its particulars, deriving his understanding of
the larger movements from observation of the smaller....” 
-Mary D. Gerard 

Da Vinci Index 2.0 Recovers in 2016, Following Dip in 2015 


  • The Da Vinci Index 2.0 fell in 2015, with a 2.5% decrease from its all-time high in 2014. 
  • In the prior three years, annual growth had averaged 18% with the Index climbing by more than sevenfold since 2000.
  • Growth has been consistent over the past fifteen years, with the Index dropping only once before in 2005.
  • The number of U.S. patent approvals was up 5% in 2015, but the number of articles related to bioinspiration in scholarly journals decreased by 10%. 
  • The combined number of grants received from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) increased for the second straight year, while the dollar value of those grants rebounded from a 2014 decrease with a 6% gain in 2015. 
The potential for business and industrial applications of bioinspired materials, concepts, and designs remains powerful in spite of what we believe to be a pause in 2015 in bioinspiration activity from its strong historical trend. 


Da Vinci Global Index Gains in 2016


  • The Da Vinci Global Index dropped for the first time since its inception in 2000, with a decline of 11%. 
  • Both the number of scholarly articles and the number of patents declined in the last year. 
  • The drop in scholarly articles was the first in the history of the Index. The decline in patent activity worldwide represented the fourth decline in the past five years. 
The fall in the Da Vinci Global Index could be short-lived, but constituents working in the field of bioinspiration should be concerned about the possible loss of momentum due to the recent decline. 



Can 3D Printing Unlock Bioinspiration's Full Potential? (2014)

This study provides the background of 3D printing, reveals the synergy between 3D printing and bioinspiration, and analyzes whether the potential of bioinspiration can be realized through the convergence of the 2 fields, a concept we define as bioinspired 3D printing. We explore the opportunities and impact this convergence could have one business, finance, and the overall economy. 

Bioinspiration: An Economic Progress Report (2014)

This study, officially, released in January of 2014, analyzes the progress and prospects for Bioinspiration, the field that takes concepts found in nature to solve human and business problems. With this report, FBEI updates its groundbreaking study of 2010 and furthers its position as the leader economic, business, and financial voice in this major potential source of innovation. 

You can view the Executive Summary and download a copy of the report here

Global Biomimicry Efforts: An Economic Game Changer (2010)

Dr. Lynn Reaser presented the findings of her study, The Economic Impact of Biomimicry: A regional, national and international perspective on Thursday, November 18, 2010 at the San Diego Zoo. You can view the Executive Summary and download a copy of the report here.


The E2 is an emerging program which combines environmental and economic interests and views them not as separate but as integrated and mutually supporting interests. It works to embody solutions inspired by nature to address business problems and provides a bridge between the environment and the economy by raising efficiency and lowering costs. The purpose of this model is to develop the capacity to simultaneously create financial, social, and ecological value. Read more about the E2 model.