The Clinical Experience
The Clinical Team
The Clinical Facilities
Athletic Training is an Allied Health Care profession that is inherently clinical in nature. As such the clinical education component of the major is considered the pinnacle of the course of study as students prepare to be practicing professionals in Athletic Training.
The PLNU Athletic Training Education Program (ATEP) requires the Athletic Training Student (ATS) to complete a 6-semester clinical education program at the clinical affiliates listed below. These educational experiences occur under the direct supervision of Certified Athletic Trainers and other allied healthcare professionals—including primary care and orthopedic physicians, physical therapists, and physician assistants—who serve as Clinical Instructors in the ATEP.
- Point Loma Nazarene University
- Point Loma High School
- OASIS Medical Group (Orthopedic and Arthroscopic Sports Injury Specialists)
- Rehab United Physical Therapy and Sports Performance
- Pacific Beach Urgent Care
- Fassett-Allen Family Practice
- Ayub Physical Therapy
Throughout the clinical courses, the Athletic Training Student (ATS) is assigned to an Approved Clinical Instructor (ACI) or Clinical Instructor (CI) who has primary responsibility for the athletic health care of athletes/patients. The ACI/CI is in constant supervision of the ATS by being within sight and sound of the ATS and the client they are serving in order to protect the interests of the athlete being cared for and to provide feedback for the ATS.
Student clinical skills and proficiencies are assessed frequently. Students must demonstrate progressive clinical proficiency to do well in each successive clinical course which culminates with a clinical capstone course, Clinical Preceptorship, in which a mock certification examination is completed.
Before applying for admission to the ATEP 36 hours of PLNU Athletic Training clinical observation must be completed. Arrangements must be made with the Head Athletic Trainer to schedule observation appointments.
The clinical courses are sequential and designed to promote maturation of clinical proficiency through the use of acquired cognitive, psychomotor, affective and clinical skills under the direct supervision of an ACI or Clinical Instructor.
Overview of Clinical Experiences
The six clinical experiences are to be completed in the following sequence:
First Year of ATEP:
|Course||Clinical Setting ||Theme of Experience|
|Clinical Internship I ||Point Loma High School ||Equipment Intensive Sports|
|Clinical Internship II||Point Loma High School||Lower Extremity Injury Assessment|
Second Year of ATEP:
Third Year of ATEP:
|Course||Clinical Setting||Theme of Experience|
Description of Clinical Education Courses
First Year of the ATEP
ATR 290: Clinical Internship I. During the fall semester, students are exposed to varsity and junior varsity football at Point Loma High School. This is an equipment intensive clinical experience; students gain proficiency in inspection and fitting of contact and collision sport equipment. Students learn firsthand about providing athletic healthcare in a high school setting, they gain a first experience with general training room operations, and upper and lower extremity injury evaluation.
ATR 21: Clinical Internship II. During the spring semester, students gain experience with basketball, wrestling and track and field. One additional day is dedicated each week to the PLNU Athletic Training clinic during which students are oriented to the collegiate athletic setting, and specifically learn the History taking component of the injury/illness evaluation process.
Content in the following areas is a hallmark of the first year clinical experiences:
Second Year of the ATEP
During the second year of the ATEP, students complete the course sequence ATR 390 and 391: Clinical Practicum I and II. Students accomplish the entire year of clinical experience at the PLNU campus. The hallmark of this clinical experience occurs as students are assigned an athletic team and provide care under the guidance of that team’s Athletic Trainer/ACI.
ATR 390: Clinical Practicum I. During the fall semester, students gain proficiency in the advanced assessment of the upper extremity, spine and head. Students also become proficient in the design and implementation of therapeutic exercise programs, specifically focused on a tri-planar, functional rehabilitation approach.
ATR 391: Clinical Practicum II. During the spring semester, students gain proficiency in therapeutic modalities and pharmacology. ATR 415: Therapeutic Modalities and Pharmacology is the concurrent didactic course which forms the basis of competency and proficiency instruction and assessment.
Content in the following areas is emphasized in the second year of clinical experiences:
- Comprehensive assessment of injury/illness using the HIPS/HOPS methods
- Ethical professional practice in the collegiate setting
- Patient privacy and confidentiality
- Sports nutrition
- Weight management (Healthy weight gain/weight loss) and body composition
- Recognition and intervention for disordered eating
- Therapeutic exercise and rehabilitation (functional rehabilitation)
- Performance enhancement, strength training and reconditioning
- Psychosocial intervention and referral
- Professional development and responsibilities, resume development
- Professional goal setting
Third Year of the ATEP
Students accomplish the course sequence ATR 493 and 494: Clinical Preceptorship I and II during the final year of the ATEP. These courses represent a culmination of the educational competencies and clinical proficiencies.
Students receive final instruction and experiences in the following specific content areas:
- General medical conditions
- Patient history
- Preoperative health screening and vital signs under the direction of a Physician Assistant
- Skin conditions
- Respiratory conditions
- Neurological conditions
- Endocrine conditions
- Genitourinary conditions
- Gynecological conditions & sexually transmitted diseases
- Viral conditions
- Systemic conditions
- Gastrointestinal conditions
- Resume development
- Professional goal setting
ATR 493: Clinical Preceptorship I. In this fall experience, students gain a robust breadth of experiences in athletic training, physical therapy, orthopedics and general medicine.
ATR 494: Clinical Preceptorship II. This spring course provides students a capstone experience in which review, practice and synthesis of all previous competencies and proficiencies are addressed and can be potentially assessed. As part of the culmination of the clinical education program at PLNU, students complete a Mock Certification Examination toward the end of the semester as they are preparing for the NATABOC exam.