Bibliographic Citation Formats For Media Materials
APA Citation Format
Reference: Nonprint Resources
(Film, Recording, Video, television or radio program, etc.)
The source is identified in brackets after the title
Redford, R. (Director). (1980). Ordinary people (Film). Hollywood: Paramount.
Film with limited circulation:Holdt, D. (Producer), & Ehlers, E. (Director). (2002). River at High Summer: The St. Lawrence (Film). (Available from Merganser Films, Inc., 61 Woodland Street, Hartford, CT 06105)
Cassette:Lake, F. L. (Author and speaker). (1989). Bias and organizational decision making (Cassette). Gainesville: Edwards.
Television program:Safer, M. (Narrator). (2004). Torture at Abu Ghraib (Television broadcast). Hartford: WFSB.
Musical recording:Barber, S. (1995). Cello Sonata. On Barber (CD). New York: EMI Records Ltd.
MLA Citation FormatReference: Nonprint Resources (Film, Recording, Video, television or radio program, etc.)
Television or Radio program:Give the title of the episode (if available), the title of the program plus any pertinent information about performers, writers, narrator, director, etc. (depending on your purpose in citing the resource). List the network and the local station and date on which you heard or recorded the broadcast.
Schneider, Pamela. Interview. Seniors: What Keeps Us Going. With Linda Storrow. Natl. Public Radio. WNYC. New York. 11 July 2003.
"The War in Iraq." Fallows, James. Interview. The O'Franken Factor With Al Franken. Air America Radio. WLIB. New York. 11 May 2004.
Audio-Visual Materials, Film:Consumer Awareness: Supply, Demand, Competition, and Prices. Sound filmstrip. Prod. Visual Education. Maclean Hunter Learning Resources, 1981. (MLA) 85 fr., 11 min.
The Mirror Has Two Faces. Dir. Barbra Streisand. Perf. Barbra Streisand, Jeff Bridges, Lauren Bacall, Mimi Rogers, Pierce Brosnan, George Segal. Tri-Star, 1996.
Creation vs. Evolution: "Battle of the Classroom." Videocassette. Dir. Ryall Wilson, PBS Video, 1982. (MLA) 58 min.