Appendix A. The Classic Creeds of the Church

 

Appendix A. The Classic Creeds of the Christian Church

The Apostles Creed

I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth.

I believe in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried; he descended to the dead. On the third day he rose again; he ascended into heaven, he is seated at the right hand of the Father, and he will come to judge the living and the dead.

I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic (universal) Church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting.

Amen.

The Nicene Creed (381)

We believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of all that is, seen and unseen. 

We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, of one Being with the Father. Through him all things were made. For us and for our salvation he came down from heaven: by the power of the Holy Spirit he became incarnate from the Virgin Mary, and was made man. For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate; he suffered death and was buried. On the third day he rose again in accordance with the Scriptures; he ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead, and his kingdom will have no end. 

We believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father [and the Son]. With the Father and the Son he is worshiped and glorified. He has spoken through the Prophets. 

We believe in one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church. We acknowledge one baptism for the forgiveness of sins. We look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. 

The Chalcedonian Definition (451)39

Therefore, we all in unison teach that [the Church] should confess the Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, as one and the same. He is perfect in divinity, and he is perfect in humanity. He is truly God, and he is truly human, having a body and a rational soul. He shares the same being with the Father in regard to his divinity, and he shares the same being with us in regard to his humanity. In every way he is similar to us, except for sin. Before time he was begotten of the Father. But in the last days, for us and for our salvation he was born of the Virgin Mary—the God-bearer—in regard to his humanity. Yet he remained one and the same Christ, Son, Lord and Only-Begotten. He is recognized in two natures without confusion, change, division or separation. The difference between the natures was never nullified because of the union. Instead, the particular nature of each is preserved and runs parallel in one person and one reality. He is not split or divided into two persons. Instead, he remains one and the same Son, Only-Begotten, Word, Lord, Jesus Christ. This is just as the prophets of old taught about him, and as Jesus Christ himself taught us, and as the symbolic statement of the Fathers [the Nicene Creed] handed down to us.

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39.  Translated from the Greek by Mark G. Bilby.