Research Opportunities

Research Methods & Design

Psychology majors take two consecutive research courses where they engage in an entire research project. Students gain experience in methods of design, data collection, management, and analysis.

Regional Psychology Conferences

Students also have an option to continue their research interests in Psy499 Independent Research (in Regional Conference Area) with a professor. For the past twenty years students in the department have presented their independent research  project  at a regional conference.

Archive of Undergraduate Research Presented at Regional Conferences

 

2013-2014 Academic Year

Butterfield, M., & Rookard, G. (2014, April).

             Secrecy and Adult Legitimization Predict Bullying in Romanian Institutionalized Children.

             Poster session presented at the 94th Annual Convention of the Western Psychological  

Association, Portland, OR.

 

Irwin Churchman, H. & Frith, C. (2014, April).

             On Improving Critical Thinking in At Risk College Students.

             Poster session presented at the 94th Annual Convention of the Western Psychological

Association, Portland, OR.

 

Meza, R., Cheney, D., O'Brien, K., Scherer, J., Owen, C., & Schaeffer, K.W. (2014, April). 

             The Effects of Facial and Body Expressions on Approachability. 

             Poster session presented at the 94th Annual Convention of the Western Psychological

Association, Portland, OR. 

             Publication: http://www.PsychFileDrawer.org/replication.php?attempt=MTg5.

 

Oakes Mueller, R., Leffel, M., Roth, V., Messier, M., Farinelli, A., & Galli Young, M. (2014, April).

             Good Physician (2 of 2): Neuroticism/Burnout Inhibit Growth in Generosity.

             Poster session presented at the 94th Annual Convention of the Western Psychological

Association, Portland, OR.

 

Pendakur, R., Tibbs, J., Owen, C., Wu, J.T., & Oakes Mueller, K.L. (2014, April).  

            Associations Between Childhood Attachment and Brain System Inventories. 

            Poster session presented at the 94th Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, 

            Portland, OR.

 

Tibbs, J., Von Striver, L.T., Pendakur, R., Owen, C., Wu, J.T., & Oakes Mueller, K.L. (2014, April).

            Associations Between Childhood Neglect and Brain Pattern Inventories. 

            Poster session presented at the 94th Annual Convention of the Western Psychological

Association, Portland, OR.

 

Roth, V., Messier, M., Farinelli, A., Galli Young, M., Oakes Mueller, R., & Leffel, M. (2014, April).

            Good Physician (1 of 2): Moral Elevation Predicts Virtue Development.

            Poster session presented at the 94th Annual Convention of the Western Psychological

Association, Portland, OR.

 

Wheeler, K., Correa, M., Irwin Churchman, H., & Hall, T. (2014, April).

            Examining Cultural Cognizance in an Intense Abroad Experience: A Multi-Faceted Approach.

            Poster session presented at the 94th Annual Convention of the Western Psychological

Association, Portland, OR.

 

2012-2013 Academic Year

Ayres, K.A., Neher, A. R.., Erbacci, G. K.., Oakes Mueller, R. A., & Leffel, G. M. (2013, April).    

Project on the Good Physician (Part 1 of 3) Construct Validity of Caring Virtues.

Poster session presented at the 93rd Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, Reno, NV.

 

Cazzell, A.R., Farinelli, A.E., Hall, T., & Irwin, H. (2013, April).

Effect of Immersion on Cultural Cognizance: The Impact of Foreign Language.

Poster session presented at the 93rd Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, Reno, NV. 

 

Cazzell, A. R., Farinelli, A. E., & Irwin, H. (2013, April).

Creating a Survey of Reverse Culture Shock.

Poster session presented at the 93rd Western Psychological Association Annual Convention,   Reno, NV. 

 

Collier, B. R., Hubbard, M.G., Owen, C.E., Marquez, J., & Schaeffer, K.W. (2013, April).

The Effect of Flow on Positive Affect in College Students.

 Poster session presented at the 93rd Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, Reno, NV. 

 

Farinelli, A. E., Cazzell, A.R., Serna, F., & Irwin, H. (2013, April).

Examining Cultural Cognizance in an Intensive Abroad Experience.

Poster session presented at the 93rd Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, Reno, NV. 

 

Munoz, M. M, Furtado, T.P, Vaillancourt, A.A., Wu, J.T., & Oakes-Mueller, K.L. (2013, April).

The Effects of Early Trauma Clusters on Marriage Satisfaction.

Poster session presented at the 93rd Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, Reno, NV. 

 

Shepherd, A. M., Dahill J. O., Oakes Mueller, R. A. & Leffel, G. M. (2013, April). 

Project on the Good Physician (Part 2 of 3) Caring Virtues and the “Moral Matrix” of Clinical Decision Making.

Poster session presented at the 93rd Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, Reno, NV.

Vaillancourt, A.A., Furtado, T.P., Munoz, M.M., Oakes Mueller, K.L., & Wu, J.T. (2013, April).

The Effects of Brain Region Functioning on Marriage Satisfaction.

Poster session presented at the 93rd Western Psychological Association Annual Convention,  Reno, NV. 

Young, M. H., Drown, K. N., Oakes Mueller, R.A., & Leffel, G. M. (2013, April). 

Project on the Good Physician (Part 3 of 3) Neuroticism/Burnout May Inhibit Caring Virtues. Poster session presented at the 93rd Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, Reno, NV.

 

2011-2012 Academic Year

Aldredge, J., Hall, T.M., & Irwin-Chase, H. (2012, April).

            Long-Term Effect of Cultural Sensitivity in an Immersed Abroad Experience.

Poster session presented at the 92rd Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, CA.

 

Aldredge, J. & Irwin-Chase, H. (2012, April).

            Effect of Reverse Culture Shock on a Re-Entry Program.

Poster session presented at the 92rd Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, CA.

 

Hussey, J.R., & Oakes Mueller, R.A. (2012, April).

Distress and Empathy: The Relationship Between Emotion and Prosocial Behavior.

Poster session presented at the 92rd Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, CA.

 

Nelson,V., Vaillancourt, A.A., Wu, J.T. & Oakes Mueller, K.L.

Premarital and Marital Behaviors Across Three Asian American Populations.

Poster session presented at the 92rd Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, CA.

 

Owen, C.E., Corrado, S. L., & Schaeffer, K.W. (2012, April).

The Effects of Attachment on the Likelihood of Forgiveness.

Poster session presented at the 92rd Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, CA.

 

Vaillancourt, A. A., Nelson, V., Oakes Mueller, K., & Wu, J.T. (2012, April).

Communication and Help Seeking Preferences Across Three Asian American Populations.

Poster session presented at the 92rd Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, CA.

 

Wright, N.E., & Oakes Mueller, R.A. (2012, April).

Predicting Prosocial Behavior: Disgust as an Obstacle to Service.

Poster session presented at the 92rd Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, CA.

 

Wright, N.E., & Oakes Mueller, R.A. (2012, April).

The Role of Disgust in Predicting Prosocial Behavior.

Poster session presented at the 92rd Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, San Francisco, CA.

 

 

2010– 2011 Academic Year 

Becker, K., Garcia, N., James, L., Keys, C., Lagace, J., Neis, P., Wilson, K., & Irwin-Chase, H.

            (2011, April). Effect of Cultural Sensitivity and Awareness in Study Abroad Students.

            Poster presented at the 91st Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association.

            Los Angeles, CA.

 

Keys, C., Neis, P., Hall, T., & Irwin-Chase, H. (2011, April). Effect of Cultural Sensitivity in an

            Immersed Abroad Experience. Poster presented at the 91st Annual Convention of the

            Western Psychological Association. Los Angeles, CA. 

 

Petti, L. E., Ozuna, G. B., Wehrle, C. P.,  and Wu, J. T.  (2011, April).  Marital Help Seeking

Preferences in Asian, Latino, and White Couples.  Poster presented at the 91st Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association. Los Angeles, CA. 

 

Tychsen, Z., Cambridge, F., & Schaeffer, K.W. (April, 2011). Psychological Well-Being in

Female and Male Freshmen. Poster presented at the 91st Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association. Los Angeles, CA.

 

2009– 2010 Academic Year

 

Baron, E., Hansen, K., Irish, J., Kipp, L., Ellis, R., & Irwin-Chase, H. (April, 2010). Creating A

Survey of Cultural Sensitivity And Awareness. Poster presented at the 80th Annual Convention of the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association. Denver, CO. 

 

Bomba, J. L., Saldine, E. J., Schaffner, N. L., Hoshiko, H. A., and Wu, J. T.  (2010, April). 

Comparing Premarital and Current Marriage Behaviors Among Asian, Latino, and White CouplesPoster presented at the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association 2010 Annual Conference, Denver, CO. 

 

Hansen, K., Hall, T., & Irwin-Chase, H. (April, 2010). Effect of Cultural Sensitivity on Students

Immersed in a Three-Week Abroad Program. Poster presented at the 80th Annual Convention of the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association. Denver, CO. 

 

Hoshiko, H. A., Schaffner, N. L., Saldine, E. J., Bomba, J. L.,   and Wu, J. T.  (2010, April). 

Marriage Communication in Same Race and Interracial Asian, Latino, and White CouplesPoster presented at the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association 2010 Annual Conference, Denver, CO. 

 

Johnsen, J., Peterson, C., Cambridge, F., & Schaeffer, K.W. (April, 2010). Do Students Become

More Forgiving While Attending a Christian College? Poster presented at the 80th Annual Convention of the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association. Denver, CO. 

 

Leffel, G. M., & Gebhart, N. (2010). “Putting on virtue”: Catalyzing a new science of

Christian virtue formation, Part 3: A new model and measure of caring.  Symposium paper presentation at the Society for the Study of Psychology and Wesleyan Theology, Azusa Pacific University, March 2010.

 

Leffel, G. M., Erikson, T., & Shook, B. (2010). “Putting on virtue”: Catalyzing a new science

of Christian virtue formation, Part 5: Wired to be inspired.  Symposium paper presentation at the Society for the Study of Psychology and Wesleyan Theology, Azusa Pacific University, March 2010. 

 

Leffel, G. M., & Karras, J. (2010). “Putting on virtue”: Catalyzing a new science of Christian

virtue formation, Part 2: Contagious compassion: How could you “catch” it?  Symposium paper presentation at the Society for the Study of Psychology and Wesleyan Theology, Azusa Pacific University, March 2010. 

 

Oakes Mueller, R.A., Cardiel, D., Sparks, C., & Games, J. (2010, April). Gratitude and its

Specialized Role in Relational Generativity. Poster presented at the 90th Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association, Cancun, Mexico. 

 

Penner, J., Backiel, S., Baucum, L., & Schaeffer, K.W. (April, 2010). Personal Growth in

College Freshmen and Seniors. Poster presented at the 80th Annual Convention of the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association. Denver, CO. 

 

Richardson, K., Tychsen, Z., Blauer, C., & Schaeffer, K.W. (April, 2010). The Intrapersonal

Emotions of Shame and Guilt. Poster presented at the 80th Annual Convention of the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association. Denver, CO. 

 

Rouse, R., Rice, B., & Oakes Mueller, R.A. (2010, April). Attachment Style and Risky Sexual

Behaviors: Mediating Role of Self-Esteem. Poster presented at the 90th Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association, Cancun, Mexico.

 

2008– 2009 Academic Year 

 

Nada, A. R., Bomba, J. L., Corrado, S. L., Cramer, K. L., and Wu, J. T. (2009, April).  Marital

Satisfaction in Relation to Premarital, Current, and Web Behaviors.  Poster presented at the Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, Portland, OR. 

 

Cramer, K. L., Corrado, S. L., Bomba, J. L., Nada, A. R., and Wu, J. T. (2009, April).  Asian,

Latino, and White Interracial and Same Race Marriage Assessment .  Poster presented at the Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, Portland, OR. 

 

Bedford, S., & Schaeffer, K. W. (2009, April). Effects of prayer and mantra repetition on stress

level. Poster presented at the 89th Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association, Portland, OR. 

 

Criswell, K. R., Hall, B., Peterman, E., Irwin-Chase, H. (2009, April). Effect of Global

Perspectives on Study Abroad. Poster presented at the 89th Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association, Portland, OR. 

 

Tankersley, L. K., Oakes Mueller, R. A., & Leffel, G. M. (2009, April). The Gratitude-

Generativity Link in Young Adults. Poster presented at the 89th Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association, Portland, OR.

 

2007– 2008 Academic Year

Radke, K. E, Tardie, L. E., Corrado, S. L, and Wu, J. T. (2008, April).  A deeper understanding

of attachment quality and psychological distressPoster presented at the 88th Annual Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, Irvine, CA. 

 

Corrado, S. L, Tardie, L. E., Radke, K. E, and Wu, J. T. (2008, April).  Marital satisfaction in

Asian American couples: a pilot studyPoster presented at the 88th Annual Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, Irvine, CA. 

 

McConnel, B., Jenkins, D.L., & Pate, C. (2008, April). Children’s Literature as a Stress

Reduction Technique in College Students. Poster presented at the 88th Annual Western Psychological Association Annual Convention, Irvine, CA. 


2006– 2007 Academic Year

 

Clark, K., Wostrel, K., Irwin-Chase, H., & Robertson, G. (2007, April). Effects of Study Abroad

on the Identity Formation Process. Poster presented at the 77th Annual Rocky Mountain Psychological Association Annual Convention, Denver, CO. 

 

Leffel, G. M., & Fritz, M. (2007). Moral emotions of caring character: A conceptual model

and empirical review for programmatic research. Symposium paper presentation at the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association, April, 2007. 

 

Leffel , G. M., & Stephens, M.  (2007). The relationship of positive and moral emotions

(empathy and gratitude) to generative concern and action: A preliminary construct validity study of the MACA model.  Symposium paper presentation at the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association, April 2007. 

 

McConnell, B., Pate, C., & Jenkins, D. (2007, April). Finding Time for Fairy Tales: How

Reading Children’s Literature Contributes to Stress Reduction in College Students. Poster presented at the 77th Annual Rocky Mountain Psychological Association Annual Convention, Denver, CO. 

                                

Miles, C., Tablak, A., Pearce, C., Parra, V., & Wu, J.  (2007, April).  The connection between

attachment quality and psychological distress.  Poster presented at the 77th Annual Rocky Mountain Psychological Association Annual Convention, Denver, CO. 

 

2005– 2006 Academic Year 

Flores, S., Barnes, C., Bunker, D., Enriquez, R., Moltzner, K., Tovar, R., & Schaeffer, K. W.

(2006, April). Positive Psychology education: Its effects on self-concept, optimism, and happiness. Poster presented at the 86th Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association, Palm Springs, CA.

 

Luginbuhl, P. J., Schaeffer, K. W., Weg, M. T., Powers, S. M., Jarvinen, M. J., & Smee, R. W.

(2006, April). The influence of personality and self-esteem on happiness. Poster presented at the 86th Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association, Palm Springs, CA.

 

Stephens, M., & Leffel, G. M. (2006, April). Grateful Giving:  Do positive emotions trigger

upward spirals of generativity? Poster presented at the 86th Annual Western Psychological Association Convention, Palm Springs, CA.

 

Tatum, M., Hardy, N., Testerman, L., Irwin-Chase, H., Johnson, J., & Wu, J. T. (2006,

April). Effect of learning style interventions on course satisfaction. Poster presented at the 86th Annual Western Psychological Association Convention, Palm Springs, CA. 

 

Testerman, L., Hardy, N., Tatum, M., Irwin-Chase, H., Johnson, J., & Wu, J. T. (2006, April).

Reliability and Validity of the VARK: A learning style assessment. Poster presented at the 86th Annual Western Psychological Association Convention, Palm Springs, CA.

 

2004– 2005 Academic Year

Cooper, N., Crocker, N., Erselius, K., Lerma, A., Irwin-Chase, H., Wu, J. T., & Johnson, J. 

(2005, April). Development of a Brief Course Satisfaction Measure.  Poster presented at the 75th Annual Convention of the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association, Phoenix, AZ.

 

Huff, T. L. P., Young, K. G., Kennedy, E. M., & Schaeffer, K. W. (2005, April). The 

relationship between positive psychology education and the five factors of personality. Poster presented at the 75th Annual Convention of the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association, Phoenix, AZ. 

 

Maish, J. L., Zameni, S. L., & Irwin-Chase, H. (2005, April). Student Adjustment and Studying

Abroad. Poster presented at the 75th Annual Convention of the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association, Phoenix, AZ.

 

2003 – 2004 Academic Year

 

Aranda, B., Klabunde, M., Kirdendall, B., & Schaeffer, K. W. (2004, May). The influence of positive psychology groups on optimism and self-concept. Poster presented at the 13th Annual UCLA Psychology Undergraduate Research Conference, Los Angeles, CA.

 

Gaffney, B., MacGinnis, L, Waters, S., & Irwin-Chase, H. (May, 2003). Relationship between

parental attachment and emotional autonomy. Poster presented at the 83rd Annual

Western Psychological Association Convention. Vancouver, BC.

 

Nordella, J., Schaeffer, K. W., Blair, C., O’Donnell, T., & Purdin, J. (2004, April). Optimism training: Its effect on self-concept and optimism levels. Poster presented at the 84th Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association, Phoenix, AZ.

 

2002 – 2003 Academic Year

 

Abe, B., Alexander, M., Curtis, Z., Hege, A., Davis, D., Davis, D., & Irwin-Chase, H.

(2002, April). Physical attractiveness and self-efficacy. Poster presented at the Thirty-

first Annual Western Psychology Conference for Undergraduate Research. Santa Clara,

CA.

 

Cain, A., Ferguson, S., Ishmael, M., Schmid, J., Wagner, B., & Irwin-Chase, H. (2002, May). 

Changes in perceived anxiety levels in a comparative study of ages. Poster presented at

the First PSY 401 Psychology Faire. San Diego, CA.

 

Gaffney, B., Knoeferl, K., Landa, L., MacGinnis, L. Waters, S., & Irwin-Chase, H. (2002,

April). Emotional autonomy and parental attachment. Poster presented at the Thirty-first

Annual Western Psychology Conference for Undergraduate Research. Santa Clara, CA.

 

Geer, B., Green, E., Mucelli, N., Tillman, C., Tuttle, R., Wardell, P., & Irwin-Chase, H.

(2002, April). Personality and motivation: A correlational study. Poster presented at the

Thirty-first Annual Western Psychology Conference for Undergraduate Research. Santa

Clara, CA.

 

Reyes, K., Stark, S., Statler, K., & Schaeffer, K. W. (2002, April). Involvement of commuters

versus residents on a primarily residential campus. Poster  presented at the 82nd

Annual Convention of the Western Psychological Association, Irvine, CA.

 

Slovak, J., Berry, B., Kwiatkowski, L., Guthrie, M., & Schaeffer, K. (2002, April). Reliability and validity of a retention instrument. Poster

presented at the 31st Annual Western Psychology Conference for Undergraduate Research, Santa Clara, CA.

 

2001 – 2002 Academic Year

 

Ayers, S., Bartlett, C., Pierce, J., & Strawn, B. D. (2001, April). Self Perception and Image of

            Christ. Poster presented at Rocky Mountain Psychological Association, Reno, Nevada.

 

Ayers, S., Bartlett, C., Pierce, J., & Strawn, B. D. (2001, March). Self Perception and Image of

            Christ. Paper presented at the 3rd annual conference of The Society for the Study of

            Psychology and Wesleyan Theology, Pasadena, CA.

 

Clayton, K., Oram, L., Palstring, H., Rorabaugh, K., & Irwin-Chase, H. (2001, April). Effect of

            parenting styles on facilitating/debilitating test anxiety in undergraduate freshmen.

            Poster presented at the Seventy-first Annual Rocky Mountain Psychological Association

            Convention. Reno, NV.

 

Kion, K. & Schaeffer, K. (2001, April). Retention of university freshmen: Undecided versus not    

intending to return students. Poster presented at the 71st Annual Convention of the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association, Reno, NV.

 

Saranita, J., Mottram, A., Rorabaugh, K., Irwin-Chase, H., Cheng, S., & Lass, D. (2001, April).

            Learning styles: Differences in majors and effects on academic achievement. Poster

            presented at the Seventy-first Annual Rocky Mountain Psychological Association

            Convention. Reno, NV.

 

2000 – 2001 Academic Year


Ayers, S., Genovese, M., Williams-Medina, A., Schaeffer, K. W. (April 2000).  Predicting

Retention:  A Look at the Undecided Student.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Portland, Oregon. 

 

Cheng, S.*, Lass, D.*, Jones, M.*, Irwin-Chase, H., & Burns, B. (2000, April). Meta-attention

            and attentional performance in second- and fifth-graders. Poster presented at the 80th

            Annual Western Psychological Association Convention. Portland, OR.

 

Oakes, K., Sagawa, J. , & Strawn, B. D. (2000, April).  Personality and the imaging of Christ.

Poster presented at the Western Psychological Association Conference, Portland, Oregon.

 

Schaeffer, K.W., Hyde, R.A., Kroencke, T., McCormick, B., & Nottebaum, L. (2000).

Religiously-motivated sexual orientation change. Journal of Psychology and Christianity,

19, 61-70

 

1999 – 2000 Academic Year

 

  

Baas, D., Ricks, R., Jones, M., Irwin-Chase, H., & Burns (1999, April). Meta-attention in

            second and fifth graders: A dual-task analysis. Poster presented at the 79th Annual

            Western Psychological Association Convention. Irvine, CA.

 

Erickson, T., Cheng, S., Kleinman, D., & Strawn, B. D., (1999, April). Text analysis of college

            freshmen’s written disclosure. Poster presented at the Twenty-Eighth Western Psychology

            Conference for Undergraduate Research, Santa Clara, California.

 

Fraser, Stephanie, Schaeffer, K. W.,  (April 1999, April). Freshmen Retention Based on

Students’ Intent to Return. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Western Psychological Association, Irvine, CA.

 

Schaeffer, K.S., Nottebaum, L., Smith, P., Dech, K., & Krawczyk, J. (1999). Religiously-

motivated sexual orientation change: A follow-up study. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 27, 329-337.

 

 

1998 – 1999 Academic Year

  

 

Brown, Polly K., Lim, K. E., & Schaeffer, K. W. (1998, April). A retention study based on

students’ intent to return. Poster presented at the annual convention of the Western Psychological and Rocky Mountain Psychological Association, Albuquerque, NM.

 

Erickson, T., Fish, S., Baas, D., Moore, R., Ricks, R., Sheridan, R., & Strawn, B. D. (1998,

            April). Facilitating health and college transition using the disclosure paradigm. Poster

presented; Western and Rocky Mountain Psychological Associations, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

 

Sloan, A. K., Holly, K. A., & Schaeffer, K. W. (1998, April). Comparison of self-concept from

divorced and intact families.Poster presented at the annual convention of the Western Psychological and Rocky Mountain Psychological Association, Albuquerque, NM.

 

To, S., Ovando, S,. & Schaeffer, K. W. (1998, April). The anagram task:  A tool for measuring

persistence. Poster presented at the annual convention of the Western Psychological and Rocky Mountain Psychological Association, Albuquerque, NM.